Glenn Guy's Digital Photography Workflow

A luminous piece of street art at Hosier Lane, Melbourne made with the Sony a7r II camera at ISO 800 1/250 second @ f4.


I've been using Adobe Lightroom, at the core of my image workflow, since version 1. I import, organize, and keyword images in Lightroom. It's a fantastic and very intuitive tool and I recommend it to anyone interested in taking their photography to the next level.  

My initial experience with Photoshop goes back to version 2 (the first Photoshop CC was actually version 14 of the original Photoshop application). I didn't think much of it then and didn't really take to the program, as a serious tool, until version 7. There's no doubt that Photoshop is now an incredible program and I employ it, as part of my workflow, for most of the images I process.

However, I do not recommend Photoshop as the ideal application for amateur or enthusiast photographers. It's now such a big, not to mention expensive program, containing tools and all manner of features that just aren't required outside of heavy retouching (e.g., fashion), composite (e.g., advertising) or 3D work. While I use it as part of my workflow, I restrict my use to a relatively small portion of it's immense range of features. Just the ones that are important, are outside the domain of Lightroom and can be applied quickly (as long as you know how).

There are a number of very good plugins that can be used in combination with and/or separate from Lightroom and Photoshop. Of these my favorite's come from Nik Software (now owned by Google), and my absolute favorite is Nik Silver Efex Pro 2 which is a great tool by which to produce fantastic black and white results.   Even better the Google Nik Collection, which includes Silver Efex Pro 2, is now available free of charge.


I currently employ an iMac 27" desktop computer with a 3.5 GHz Intel Core i7 Processor, 24GB of RAM and a 3GB Fusion Hard Drive. I also have a magnificent EIZO 27" external monitor for serious image editing.

My images, both original and master photoshop files, are all stored on an 8TB Western Digital Duo Drive

This system has proven to be more than enough for the relatively large files emanating from my previous Nikon D800e and my current Sony A7Rii cameras, particularly when working with a sequence of images as part of a High Dynamic Range (HDR) photography workflow.

I also employ a 13" Macbook Pro laptop for travel, presentations and teaching off-site.

Glenn Guy, David Burren and friends on our 2010 Photography tour to Antarctica, South Georgia and the Falkland Islands. Photo by David Burren


While traveling I import the original camera-generated RAW files onto my current Macbook Pro’s internal hard drive. I also employ two separate Lacie Rugged portable hard drives. The first unit serves as a backup for the original files while the second acts as the drive for my computer’s Time Machine backups while I’m on the road. I spent a bucket of money on a Drobo unit for backup at my home office. It’s caused me a lot of problems and, as a consequence, I’II likely look at replacing it down the track.  

Memory Cards

For years I used larger full-frame DSLR cameras that accepted Compact Flash (CF) cards. I preferred the SanDisk 32Gb Pro CF cards, since I bought my first DSLR camera in 2005. When you’re on a good thing stick to it. However, since I moved up to the much smaller, though still full-frame, Sony A7Rii camera I know use SanDisk 128Gb SD cards.

Now that they’re finally available Down Under I’d like to try the Hoodman CF cards down the road aways. They promise a lot, but sound like they’re very robust indeed. I really think it’s worthwhile springing for the best (and that doesn’t necessarily mean largest capacity) memory cards you can afford.

While read and write speeds are important, to varying degrees and depending on the application, I consider build quality and durability to be essential considerations when determining which memory card to purchase.

I imagine there would be nothing worse, particularly after considerable physical effort and expense, to have made a potentially amazing photo only to find the image has become corrupted on the card. 

Compared to the money we outlay on camera bodies, lenses and tripods; computers, portable hard drives and software; and, of course, travel; upgrading to cards that are less likely to fail seems a no-brainer. It’s the first step along the path of achieving memory insurance for our hard earned photography.

Rain Drops on Roses, Mirabell Gardens, Salzburg, Austria

Raw Exposure

I’ve long been an exponent of RAW exposure and processing. But that doesn’t mean I recommend it to everyone. Quite the reverse!

While RAW is the best option for those prepared to process their image files on the desktop it’s not for everyone. In fact the whole problem with the RAW vs JPEG discussion is the notion of best, which should probably be replaced with the term most appropriate. So, regardless of what’s theoretically best, what matters to most folk is what is the most appropriate way to expose, process and store their files.

If photography for you is about being out and about and recording the world around you, and the notion of spending significant periods of time processing those photos on your computer is unappealing, then JPEG is for you.

Do you remember back to the days of film based photography? While it was possible to process your own photos in the darkroom, the vast majority of photographers left that up to photo labs bearing the name Kodak, Fuji or Agfa. Well, by setting your camera to JPEG you’re doing a similar thing. The original RAW data recorded by the camera at the moment of exposure is processed, in camera, to produce a result with which most folk are usually happy. All the more so if Little Johnny is smiling.

Setting your camera to JPEG enables the camera to both record and process your photos. Incidentally, JPEG is an acronym for the Joint Photographic Experts Group. Sounds like a bunch of blokes to me!

Because I come from a darkroom background, including days as a newspaper photographer and nine years studying photography at a tertiary level, the idea of being able to process my RAW files to better render the subjects and scenes photographed in line with my own, individual aesthetic was appealing. What’s more the notion of spending more time on the computer than in the field was acceptable as it was akin to the kind of commitment I was used to from my darkroom days.

Like most other things in photography your choice to be a RAW or JPEG photographer will involve compromise. JPEG is an efficient format. The camera processes the file, in an instant, for you. It’s then compressed which allows for greater storage capacity on your camera’s memory card and, later, on your computer or external hard drive. You can, of course, choose to further process the JPEG file yourself at a later stage. But you’ll be working with a JPEG file and it’s important to understand that that file will be far less responsive to adjustments in color temperature and noise compared to an original and appropriately exposed RAW version of that same image. But you’ll have more hours in the day available to you.

Single Image Workflow

While on the road I usually manage to complete initial image rating, key wording and, with the exception of HDR, basic processing daily. My application of choice is Adobe Lightroom. Providing valuable on location feedback and making life easier after returning home from an extended trip.

But please, take care. Spending hours in front of your computer while away can cause fatigue and result in you missing opportunities for night photography, good food, entertainment and much needed rest.

Images that I'm likely to publish are processed, predominantly, in Adobe Photoshop. I believe that, for most folks, Photoshop is simply not necessary. It’s expensive and very difficult to learn. Unless you’re doing serious retouching, compositing or 3D work it’s unlikely to provide you with the combination of ease of use and flexibility you need. However the path, to and fro, between Lightroom and Photoshop works really well. And that’s an important reason as to why I continue to employ Photoshop as part of my image workflow. But to recommend it to amateur or enthusiast photographers - No, I'd rarely do that.


They are too quite different ways to access Adobe Lightroom: either as a stand alone product, purchased in a box; or, alternatively, you can rent it, via a subscription from the Adobe website as part of their Creative Cloud (i.e., CC) suite of applications.

If you opt for the subscription method you pay a regular monthly fee and receive updates and new features as soon as they become available. You can cancel your subscription at any time.

The subscription model is great for Adobe as no physical product needs to be produced, packaged, shipped, warehoused and sold through retailers. But it's great for the end user as we get access to the very latest features as soon as they're released.

There are two extra advantages associated with the subscription model. First two key features, , are only available in the subscription model. Second, in addition to Lightroom, folks who opt into the subscription model also get access to a full version of Photoshop CC at no extra charge. To my mind that's amazing value.


Where black-and-white rendering is called for I often convert the original RAW files into black-and-white with Nik Silver Efex Pro 2.

Nik Software is now owned by Google and the Nik Software Complete Collection puts a myriad of creative options within reach of photographers at all levels.

Sometimes for fun, but also in the case of particularly challenging images, I re-visit some black-and-white conversion techniques from much earlier versions of Photoshop. It’s amazing that some of these excellent tools are still in there today, hidden but by no means forgotten.

“kept deep in the vaults, only to be taken out at the utmost of need”

- Denethor, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King 

Here's a link to access the now free Google Nik Software Complete Collection.

An exploration of tonality down an open corridor at the St. Sebastian Cemetery, Salzburg, Austria

My HDR Workflow

My HDR workflow currently commences in Lightroom. After only a few basic adjustments (e.g., white balance and noise reduction) I move into Photoshop where HDR processing is conducted, in line with my personal photography aesthetic, in a way that doesn’t scream HDR.

This is achieved by using the application to combine a series of different exposures into a single composite image in such a way to reduce the Scene Brightness Range down to an acceptable level. This process is referred to as Tone Mapping. Of the dedicated HDR applications I currently prefer Nik HDR Efex Pro II, which I very occasionally employ. It’s now owned by Google.

Once the Tone Mapping has been conducted and the new composite image is produced I bring the resulting TIF file back into Lightroom for basic image processing, prior to moving it into Photoshop where the image is finished with special sprinkles of fairy dust. I then title (i.e., name) the image and save it.

Back in Lightroom I move into the Loupe Mode within the Library module (keyboard shortcut E) and compare the final image to the composite Tone Mapped file, which I usually then discard

I then swap to the Grid Mode (keyboard shortcut G), mark the final image with a four star rating to mark it as being, in my workflow, of publication standard, add appropriate keywords (e.g., landscape, huangshan, china, walks, mountains, snow) and move it into first position in a group alongside the original RAW files that were used to produce the composite image.

All of these remaining files are then selected and collapsed into a Stack within Lightroom with the final image visible on top. Not only does this reduce the amount of images visible on my desktop, but it allows me to easily locate the original files associated with the final image.

I’m then able to simply click and drag a virtual copy of that final image into one or more Collections (e.g., rotary talk, holiday 2011, favorite photos, landscapes, china, etc) within Lightroom without actually moving or separating it from the original RAW files that were used to generate the composite Tone Mapped file. This is a great way to retain folder structure on your hard drive.

The final thing I do before publishing an image is to apply a preset to it which, while applying the appropriate Copyright designation, identifies it as being available for sharing according to limited non-commercial usage under a very specific Creative Commons license.

Glenn Guy, Travel Photography Guru