What Is Photojournalism And What Is Documentary Photography?
I consider photojournalism to be, primarily, news-based photography evident in newspaper, magazine (e.g., National Geographic, Time, etc) articles and as online posts on news based sites.
As a generalization I'd classify photojournalism as commissioned work that, as a consequence, may have to reflect editorial policy of the publication in question. You may be paid for your work, more likely as a contributor than an employee, but you'll need to be aware of the editorial policy's and guidelines of those magazines and websites that you submit your work to.
The above photo was made by the shores of Jökulsárlón Glacier Lagoon in southern Iceland. I made the image with a Canon 5D Mark II camera and Canon 70-200mm f/4 IS L series lens. The image was made at 1/250 second at f/8 with my camera set to ISO 400. As with the other photos in this post it's the type of image that would be well suited to a travel and leisure based publication.
The Advantages Of Documentary Photography
Documentary photography is usually based upon self-motivated and self-funded projects. Not limited to the usually tighter deadlines associated with newspaper and magazine publication, documentary photography can also be seen in galleries and books. Free of potential editorial restrictions I believe documentary photography is more closely aligned to fine art photography.
My Own Journey In Photography
Though I'm happy to be described as a photographer, if pushed for a more definitive description my answer has changed over the years in line with the type of photography I was doing at the time (wedding and portrait, newspaper, travel, etc). After closing down my wedding/portrait studio in my hometown Hamilton I headed to Melbourne to formerly study photography back in 1986. It was at that stage that I decided to move away from much of the commercial work I'd previously undertaken.
I began to classify myself as a documentary photographer, which had as much to do with the variety of subject matter I was photographing and the fact that most of it revolved around self-motivated projects. The problem was that few people understood what I meant by that definition.
Over recent years the subject matter of my photographs has remained relatively constant, and I now brand myself as a Travel Photographer. But that doesn't mean I'm aggressively chasing clients with the notion of photographing resort pools and hotel rooms. I'm not.
I love to travel and I love photography. I photograph people, landscapes and architecture. Our world offers an abundance of photography opportunities and the more I travel and photograph the more I learn about the diverse beauty our world offers and the richer my life's experience becomes.
Who You Are Determines What And How You Photograph
I am an experience-driven individual. The more intimate the experience the more interested and involved I become. As a visual artist/photographer I travel the world and use my camera, as a passport, to explore the Human Condition and share the beauty of our nature world with an ever-wider audience.
It's important to be able to understand who you are as an individual creative being. Knowing who you are will help you determine what it is you most care about and, as a result, know where it's best to place your creative energies.
What you think about who and what you photograph will determine how you go about making those photos and, ultimately, what they say to the world about you, the maker of those images.